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Assessment and Accountability

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Debra Lawrence Assistant Superintendent Picture


Admin Assistant to Assistant Superintendent-Public Relations




The purposes of the Georgia Student Assessment Program are to measure student achievement of the state mandated curriculum, to
identify students failing to achieve mastery of content, to provide teachers with diagnostic information, and to assist school systems in
identifying strengths and weaknesses in order to establish priorities in planning educational programs.


What is a Formative Assessment?
Formative assessment is an assessment for learning. It takes place while instruction is still occurring to gather immediate feedback
that identifies students' academic strengths and areas for growth, to plan differentiated instruction, and to support student learning.

● Formative Assessments
o Georgia Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills (GKIDS) 2.0
o GKIDS Readiness Check
What is a Summative Assessment?

Summative assessment is an assessment of learning. It takes place at the end of an instructional period and measures student
achievement or mastery of intended learning outcomes. Statewide summative assessment data is typically used to assess
instructional programs, support school, and district improvement efforts, and inform policy decisions.

● Summative Assessments
o Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State to State for   English Language Learners (ACCESS
   for ELLs 2.0)
o Alternate ACCESS for ELLs
o Georgia Alternate Assessment (GAA) 2.0
o Georgia Milestones Assessment (End-of-Grade & End-of Course)
o National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
BEACON is a through-year, computer adaptive, formative interim assessment system administered in ELA and mathematics in grades 3-8. It
measures progress throughout the school year, allowing educators to target instruction and make informed decisions. It is mapped to
Georgia's content standards, adjusts difficulty to meet students where they are, minimizes testing time, and is available to Local Education
Agencies (LEAs) at no cost.
For DRC Beacon educator, student, and parent resources and more details on DRC Beacon visit the Georgia Department of Education.
The GKIDS Readiness Check is a component of the Georgia Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills (GKIDS). It is designed to be
administered during the first six weeks of the kindergarten year. The GKIDS Readiness Check is aligned to the Georgia Early Learning and
Development Standards (GELDS)
and correlated to the state mandates content standards for kindergarten. The goal of the assessment is to
provide information about the skills of students entering kindergarten.
GKIDS Readiness has a great resource for parents to learn more about kindergarten readiness, the skills assessed on the GKIDS Readiness
Check, and activities to help support their child’s development at home. The site includes Spanish translation and closed captioning. The
website may be accessed using the following links:


GKIDS 2.0 is a progression-based formative assessment, integrated into classroom work, that is aligned to the Georgia Standards of
Excellence. GKIDS 2.0 is organized around big ideas and learning progressions.


● A big idea describes the integration of concepts and skills from the kindergarten standards that are most important for success in
first grade.
● A learning progression shows where the student is in the learning continuum of content and reasoning development regarding the
big idea from the GSE.
○    Learning progressions provide the big picture of what is to be learned across the year, relate increased reasoning of
      standards within the grade and across grades, and support instructional planning.
GKIDS 2.0 provides teachers with one source of real-time information to adjust instruction, by identifying what a student already knows,
what the student needs next, and by allowing the teacher to monitor growth.
For GKIDS 2.0 parent and educator resources and more information visit the Georgia Department of Education.
ACCESS for ELLs is administered, once a year, to all English learners in Georgia. ACCESS for ELLs is a standards-based, criterion referenced
English language proficiency test designed to measure English learners’ social and academic proficiency in English. It assesses social and
instructional English as well as the language associated with language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies within the school
context across the four language domains. ACCESS for ELLs 2.0 meets the federal requirements that mandates require states to evaluate EL
students in grades K through 12 on their progress in learning to speak English.
ACCESS for ELLs is used to determine the English language proficiency levels and progress of ELs in the domains of speaking, listening,
reading, and writing. ACCESS for ELLs serves five main purposes.
These include:

● determining the English language proficiency level of students;

● providing districts with information that will help them evaluate the effectiveness of their ESOL programs;

● providing information that enhances instruction and learning in programs for English language learners;

● assessing annual English language proficiency gains using a standards-based assessment instrument;

● providing data for meeting federal and state requirements with respect to student assessment.

Public Test Resources

• The Test Demo is a series of videos that explain how students will take the online test and interact with the test platform.

• The Sample Items provide students, parents, and educators with a better understanding of the ACCESS for ELLs Online assessment that is based on the WIDA English Language Development (ELD) Standards. These are not items that will appear on the operational test, but they provide a close proximity to the items that students will see on the test. To access and view the Sample Items, a Chrome browser must be used.

• The Test Practice items are designed to allow students to experience taking the assessment online and to experiment with the features available to them during the actual assessment. The above link provides access to the Test Practice items for ACCESS for ELLs Online and WIDA Screener Online. To access and view the Test Practice Items, a Chrome browser must be used.

WIDA Alternate ACCESS is an individually administered test for EL students in grades K - 12 with significant cognitive disabilities. It is
intended for EL students with significant cognitive disabilities that are severe enough to prevent meaningful participation in the WIDA
ACCESS assessment. Decisions regarding a student's participation must be made by an IEP team.
Alternate ACCESS Participation Criteria:
• IEP documentation must provide clear evidence that the student's daily instruction is based on alternate content standards.
• The student must be an English learner and a student with the most significant cognitive disabilities. Students with the most
   significant cognitive disabilities or intellectual disabilities concurrent with motor, sensory, or emotional/behavioral disabilities
   require substantial adaptations and supports to access the general curriculum and require additional instruction focused on relevant
   life skills.
• The student is unable to access the content of Kindergarten ACCESS or WIDA ACCESS, even with the provision of all necessary
   universal tools, allowable accommodations, and administrative considerations.
• Students with the most significant cognitive disabilities in grades 3-12 and instructed on alternate content standards are eligible for
   the Georgia Alternate Assessment (GAA 2.0).


For WIDA ACCESS and Alternate ACCESS parent and educator resources and more information visit the Georgia Department of Education.
Georgia Alternative Assessment 2.0 (GAA 2.0)
The GAA 2.0 is designed to ensure that students with significant cognitive disabilities are provided access to the state academic content
standards and given the opportunity to demonstrate achievement of the knowledge, concepts, and skills inherent in the standards. This
assessment will provide meaningful information about classroom instruction and help identify students’ areas of strength and improvement
through standardized tests. Unlike the original GAA, GAA 2.0 is not a portfolio-based assessment. Thus, it will measure students’
achievement and not progress. The GAA 2.0 will be administered to all eligible students in the following areas:

● Grades 3-8, and 11 will be assessed in English language arts and mathematics.

● Grades 5, 8, and 11 will be assessed in science.

● Grade 8 and 11 will be assessed in science and social studies.


The GAA 2.0 will include standardized items with multiple access points. The intent is to reduce the teacher’s burden related to selecting or
developing tasks; bring greater standardization to the administration; improve scoring reliability; and introduce an online task submission
• GAA 2.0 Parent Flyer English | Spanish
For GAA 2.0 parent and educator resources and more information on GAA 2.0 visit the Georgia Department of Education.


The Georgia Milestones Assessment System (Georgia Milestones) is a comprehensive summative assessment program spanning grades 3

through high school. Georgia Milestones measures how well students have learned the knowledge and skills outlined in the state-adopted

content standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies. The Georgia Milestones Assessment System is designed to

provide information about how well students are mastering the state-adopted content standards in the core content areas of language arts,

mathematics, science, and social studies. Importantly, Georgia Milestones is designed to provide students with critical information about

their own achievement and their readiness for their next level of learning. Informing parents, educators, and the public about how well

students are learning important content is an essential aspect of any educational assessment and accountability system.

Who takes it?

• Grades 3, 4, 6, and 7 take End-of-Grade (EOG) assessments in the content areas of language arts and mathematics.

• Grade 5 takes End-of-Grade (EOG) assessments in the content areas of language arts, mathematics, and science.

• Grade 8 takes End-of-Grade (EOG) assessments in the content areas of language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies.

• High School students take End-of-Course (EOC) assessments at the completion of the course (American Literature and Composition,

  Coordinate Algebra, Biology, and U.S. History), regardless of the grade level.


When/how frequently is it taken?

• Student in grades 3-8 are assessed with EOG annually in the spring, typically in April.

• Middle and High school students who are enrolled in a course with a corresponding EOC will take the End-Of-Course (EOC)

   assessment. The End-Of-Course assessments are administered at the completion of the course in winter and spring.



How is it administered?

Georgia Milestones is administered primarily on the computer and includes the following features:

• Technology-enhanced items in all grades and courses,

• Open-ended (constructed response) items in English language arts in all grades and courses,

• A writing component (in response to passages read by students) at every grade level and course within the English language arts


• A reported Lexile score based on the English language arts assessment in all grades and courses, and

• Estimated norm-referenced performance ranges for all grades and courses.


Georgia Milestones EOG and EOC Resources

Parents play a very important part in the successful education of their children. This is also true with the assessment of their children to gauge the level of understanding of the content. These resources are provided for parents to better understand educational assessments in Georgia.

Desmos - This calculator is used for the Georgia Milestones math assessments.

o The Desmos calculator will be integrated into the Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) online testing engine.

o For a description of the differences in standard and testing calculators visit Georgia Information PDF or use the link below to

   practice with the testing version of these calculators.



Experience Online Testing Georgia - This practice site lets students see what testing online is like. Parents and educators are

   welcome to try it too. The items on the demonstration tests are general and are organized into three grade bands: Grades 3 –

   5, Grades 6 – 8, and High School in the content areas of English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies. The

   items do not necessarily represent the specific grade-level content that students learn daily in their classrooms. The primary

   purpose is to let each student experience, firsthand, the functionality of the online testing platform. The sample tests are not

   graded, so have fun.

Georgia Milestone Resources for Parents, Students, and Educators

Georgia Milestones Assessment System

Test Blueprints have been updated for all grades and content areas/courses. The blueprints for science and social studies

   reflect the reporting categories, content weights, and number of items/points recommended by committees of Georgia

   educators for the new assessment. The blueprints for other content areas have been updated to include the approximate

   number of points for each reporting category.

Assessment Guides are provided to acquaint Georgia educators and other stakeholders with the structure and content

   assessed on the End of Grade (EOG) measures.

Study/Resource Guides serve as a resource for parents and students.

Understanding the Georgia Milestones Achievement Levels

o Four Levels:

▪ Beginning Learner

▪ Developing Learner

▪ Proficient Learner

▪ Distinguished Learner

Parent/Guardian Refusal FAQ

Lexile Framework for Reading


The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the only nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America’s
students know and can do in various subject areas. Assessments are conducted periodically in mathematics, reading, science, writing, the
arts, civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history.
NAEP provides results on subject-matter achievement, instructional experiences, and school environment for populations of students (e.g.,
all fourth-graders) and groups within those populations (e.g., female students, Hispanic students). NAEP does not provide scores for
individual students or schools, although state NAEP can report results by selected large urban districts. NAEP results are based on

representative samples of students at grades 4, 8, and 12 for the main assessments, or samples of students at ages 9, 13, or 17 years for the
long-term trend assessments. These grades and ages were chosen because they represent critical junctures in academic achievement.
For more information on NAEP visit the Georgia Department of Education.